Darwin Core Identification History

dwc:Identification

Support for multiple identification/determinations of species occurrences such as specimens. All identifications including the current one should be listed, while the current should also be repeated in the occurrence core for simple access.

Keywords: dwc:Occurrence http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/MaterialSample

Link: http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#Identification


Properties



Identification

identificationID
An identifier for the Identification (the body of information associated with the assignment of a scientific name). May be a global unique identifier or an identifier specific to the data set.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#identificationID
Examples:
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/identificationID
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupIdentification
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
identifiedBy
A list (concatenated and separated) of names of people, groups, or organizations who assigned the Taxon to the subject.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#identifiedBy
Examples: "James L. Patton", "Theodore Pappenfuss; Robert Macey"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/identifiedBy
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupIdentification
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
dateIdentified
The date on which the subject was identified as representing the Taxon. Recommended best practice is to use an encoding scheme, such as ISO 8601:2004(E).
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#dateIdentified
Examples: "1963-03-08T14:07-0600" is 8 Mar 1963 2:07pm in the time zone six hours earlier than UTC, "2009-02-20T08:40Z" is 20 Feb 2009 8:40am UTC, "1809-02-12" is 12 Feb 1809, "1906-06" is Jun 1906, "1971" is just that year, "2007-03-01T13:00:00Z/2008-05-11T15:30:00Z" is the interval between 1 Mar 2007 1pm UTC and 11 May 2008 3:30pm UTC, "2007-11-13/15" is the interval between 13 Nov 2007 and 15 Nov 2007.
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/dateIdentified
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupIdentification
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
identificationReferences
A list (concatenated and separated) of references (publication, global unique identifier, URI) used in the Identification.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#identificationReferences
Examples: "Aves del Noroeste Patagonico. Christie et al. 2004."
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/identificationReferences
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupIdentification
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
identificationRemarks
Comments or notes about the Identification.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#identificationRemarks
Examples: "Distinguished between Anthus correndera and Anthus hellmayri based on the comparative lengths of the uñas."
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/identificationRemarks
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupIdentification
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
identificationQualifier
A brief phrase or a standard term ("cf.", "aff.") to express the determiner's doubts about the Identification.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#identificationQualifier
Examples: 1) For the determination "Quercus aff. agrifolia var. oxyadenia", identificationQualifier would be "aff. agrifolia var. oxyadenia" with accompanying values "Quercus" in genus, "agrifolia" in specificEpithet, "oxyadenia" in infraspecificEpithet, and "var." in rank. 2) For the determination "Quercus agrifolia cf. var. oxyadenia", identificationQualifier would be "cf. var. oxyadenia " with accompanying values "Quercus" in genus, "agrifolia" in specificEpithet, "oxyadenia" in infraspecificEpithet, and "var." in rank.
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/identificationQualifier
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupIdentification
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
identificationVerificationStatus
A categorical indicator of the extent to which the taxonomic identification has been verified to be correct. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary such as that used in HISPID/ABCD.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#identificationVerificationStatus
Examples: "0", "4"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/identificationVerificationStatus
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupIdentification
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
typeStatus
A list (concatenated and separated) of nomenclatural types (type status, typified scientific name, publication) applied to the subject.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#typeStatus
Examples: "holotype of Ctenomys sociabilis. Pearson O. P., and M. I. Christie. 1985. Historia Natural, 5(37):388"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/typeStatus
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupIdentification
Data Type string
Requiredfalse

Taxon

taxonID
An identifier for the set of taxon information (data associated with the Taxon class). May be a global unique identifier or an identifier specific to the data set.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#taxonID
Examples: "8fa58e08-08de-4ac1-b69c-1235340b7001", "32567", "http://species.gbif.org/abies_alba_1753", "urn:lsid:gbif.org:usages:32567"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/taxonID
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
taxonConceptID
An identifier for the taxonomic concept to which the record refers - not for the nomenclatural details of a taxon.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#taxonConceptID
Examples: "8fa58e08-08de-4ac1-b69c-1235340b7001"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/taxonConceptID
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
scientificName
The full scientific name, with authorship and date information if known. When forming part of an Identification, this should be the name in lowest level taxonomic rank that can be determined. This term should not contain identification qualifications, which should instead be supplied in the IdentificationQualifier term.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#scientificName
Examples: "Coleoptera" (order), "Vespertilionidae" (family), "Manis" (genus), "Ctenomys sociabilis" (genus + specificEpithet), "Ambystoma tigrinum diaboli" (genus + specificEpithet + infraspecificEpithet), "Roptrocerus typographi (Györfi, 1952)" (genus + specificEpithet + scientificNameAuthorship), "Quercus agrifolia var. oxyadenia (Torr.) J.T. Howell" (genus + specificEpithet + taxonRank + infraspecificEpithet + scientificNameAuthorship)
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/scientificName
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
scientificNameID
An identifier for the nomenclatural (not taxonomic) details of a scientific name.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#scientificNameID
Examples: "urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:37829-1:1.3"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/scientificNameID
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
namePublishedIn
A reference for the publication in which the scientificName was originally established under the rules of the associated nomenclaturalCode.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#namePublishedIn
Examples: "Pearson O. P., and M. I. Christie. 1985. Historia Natural, 5(37):388", "Forel, Auguste, Diagnosies provisoires de quelques espèces nouvelles de fourmis de Madagascar, récoltées par M. Grandidier., Annales de la Societe Entomologique de Belgique, Comptes-rendus des Seances 30, 1886"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/namePublishedIn
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
namePublishedInYear
The four-digit year in which the scientificName was published.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#namePublishedInYear
Examples: 1915
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/namePublishedInYear
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type integer
Requiredfalse
namePublishedInID
An identifier for the publication in which the scientificName was originally established under the rules of the associated nomenclaturalCode.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#namePublishedInID
Examples: "http://hdl.handle.net/10199/7"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/namePublishedInID
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
nameAccordingTo
The reference to the source in which the specific taxon concept circumscription is defined or implied - traditionally signified by the Latin "sensu" or "sec." (from secundum, meaning "according to"). For taxa that result from identifications, a reference to the keys, monographs, experts and other sources should be given.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#nameAccordingTo
Examples: "McCranie, J. R., D. B. Wake, and L. D. Wilson. 1996. The taxonomic status of Bolitoglossa schmidti, with comments on the biology of the Mesoamerican salamander Bolitoglossa dofleini (Caudata: Plethodontidae). Carib. J. Sci. 32:395-398.", "Werner Greuter 2008", "Lilljeborg 1861, Upsala Univ. Arsskrift, Math. Naturvet., pp. 4, 5"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/nameAccordingTo
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
nameAccordingToID
An identifier for the source in which the specific taxon concept circumscription is defined or implied. See nameAccordingTo.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#nameAccordingToID
Examples: "doi:10.1016/S0269-915X(97)80026-2"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/nameAccordingToID
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
acceptedNameUsage
The scientificName of the taxon considered to be the valid (zoological) or accepted (botanical) name for this nameUsage.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#acceptedNameUsage
Examples: "Tamias minimus" valid name for "Eutamias minimus"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/acceptedNameUsage
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
parentNameUsage
The scientificName representing the direct, most proximate higher-rank parent taxon (in a taxonomic classification) of this taxons scientificName.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#parentNameUsage
Examples: "Rubiaceae", "Gruiformes", "Testudinae"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/parentNameUsage
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
originalNameUsage
The equivalent of the scientificName as it originally appeared when the name was first established under the rules of the associated nomenclaturalCode (i.e., within the namePublishedIn reference). The basionym (botany) or basonym (bacteriology) of the scientificName or the senior/earlier homonym for replaced names.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#originalNameUsage
Examples: "Pinus abies", "Gasterosteus saltatrix Linnaeus 1768"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/originalNameUsage
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
higherClassification
A list (concatenated and separated) of taxa names terminating at the rank immediately superior to the taxon referenced in the taxon record. Recommended best practice is to order the list starting with the highest rank and separating the names for each rank with a semi-colon (";").
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#higherClassification
Examples: "Animalia;Chordata;Vertebrata;Mammalia;Theria;Eutheria;Rodentia;Hystricognatha;Hystricognathi;Ctenomyidae;Ctenomyini;Ctenomys"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/higherClassification
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
kingdom
The full scientific name of the kingdom in which the taxon is classified.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#kingdom
Examples: "Animalia", "Plantae"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/kingdom
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
phylum
The full scientific name of the phylum or division in which the taxon is classified.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#phylum
Examples: "Chordata" (phylum), "Bryophyta" (division)
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/phylum
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
class
The full scientific name of the class in which the taxon is classified.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#class
Examples: "Mammalia", "Hepaticopsida"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/class
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
order
The full scientific name of the order in which the taxon is classified.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#order
Examples: "Carnivora", "Monocleales"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/order
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
family
The full scientific name of the family in which the taxon is classified.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#family
Examples: "Felidae", "Monocleaceae"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/family
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
genus
The full scientific name of the genus in which the taxon is classified.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#genus
Examples: "Puma", "Monoclea"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/genus
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
subgenus
The full scientific name of the subgenus in which the taxon is classified. Values should include the genus to avoid homonym confusion.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#subgenus
Examples: "Strobus (Pinus)", "Puma (Puma)" "Loligo (Amerigo)", "Hieracium subgen. Pilosella"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/subgenus
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
specificEpithet
The name of the first or species epithet of the scientificName.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#specificEpithet
Examples: "concolor", "gottschei"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/specificEpithet
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
infraspecificEpithet
The name of the lowest or terminal infraspecific epithet of the scientificName, excluding any rank designation.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#infraspecificEpithet
Examples: "concolor", "oxyadenia", "sayi"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/infraspecificEpithet
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
taxonRank
The taxonomic rank of the most specific name in the scientificName. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#taxonRank
Examples: "subspecies", "varietas", "forma", "species", "genus"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/taxonRank
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
verbatimTaxonRank
The taxonomic rank of the most specific name in the scientificName as it appears in the original record.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#verbatimTaxonRank
Examples: "Agamospecies", "sub-lesus", "prole", "apomict", "nothogrex", "sp.", "subsp.", "var."
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/verbatimTaxonRank
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
scientificNameAuthorship
The authorship information for the scientificName formatted according to the conventions of the applicable nomenclaturalCode.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#scientificNameAuthorship
Examples: "(Torr.) J.T. Howell", "(Martinovský) Tzvelev", "(Györfi, 1952)"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/scientificNameAuthorship
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
vernacularName
A common or vernacular name.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#vernacularName
Examples: "Andean Condor", "Condor Andino", "American Eagle", "Gänsegeier"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/vernacularName
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
nomenclaturalCode
The nomenclatural code (or codes in the case of an ambiregnal name) under which the scientificName is constructed. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#nomenclaturalCode
Examples: "ICBN", "ICZN", "BC", "ICNCP", "BioCode", "ICZN; ICBN"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/nomenclaturalCode
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
taxonomicStatus
The status of the use of the scientificName as a label for a taxon. Requires taxonomic opinion to define the scope of a taxon. Rules of priority then are used to define the taxonomic status of the nomenclature contained in that scope, combined with the experts opinion. It must be linked to a specific taxonomic reference that defines the concept. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#taxonomicStatus
Examples: "invalid", "misapplied", "homotypic synonym", "accepted"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/taxonomicStatus
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
nomenclaturalStatus
The status related to the original publication of the name and its conformance to the relevant rules of nomenclature. It is based essentially on an algorithm according to the business rules of the code. It requires no taxonomic opinion.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#nomenclaturalStatus
Examples: "nom. ambig.", "nom. illeg.", "nom. subnud."
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/nomenclaturalStatus
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
taxonRemarks
Comments or notes about the taxon or name.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#taxonRemarks
Examples: "this name is a misspelling in common use"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/taxonRemarks
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type string
Requiredfalse