Darwin Core Occurrence

dwc:Occurrence

The category of information pertaining to evidence of an occurrence in nature, in a collection, or in a dataset (specimen, observation, etc.). Updated 2 Apr 2014 with materialSampleID.

Keywords: dwc:Taxon

Link: http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#Occurrence


Properties



Record Level

type
The nature or genre of the resource. For Darwin Core, recommended best practice is to use the name of the class that defines the root of the record.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#dcterms:type
Examples: "StillImage", "MovingImage", "Sound", "PhysicalObject", "Event"
Qualified Namehttp://purl.org/dc/terms/type
Namespacehttp://purl.org/dc/terms/
GroupRecord Level
Data Type Dublin Core Type Vocabulary
Requiredfalse
modified
The most recent date-time on which the resource was changed. For Darwin Core, recommended best practice is to use an encoding scheme, such as ISO 8601:2004(E)
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#dcterms:modified
Examples: "1963-03-08T14:07-0600" is 8 Mar 1963 2:07pm in the time zone six hours earlier than UTC, "2009-02-20T08:40Z" is 20 Feb 2009 8:40am UTC, "1809-02-12" is 12 Feb 1809, "1906-06" is Jun 1906, "1971" is just that year, "2007-03-01T13:00:00Z/2008-05-11T15:30:00Z" is the interval between 1 Mar 2007 1pm UTC and 11 May 2008 3:30pm UTC, "2007-11-13/15" is the interval between 13 Nov 2007 and 15 Nov 2007
Qualified Namehttp://purl.org/dc/terms/modified
Namespacehttp://purl.org/dc/terms/
GroupRecord Level
Data Type date
Requiredfalse
language
A language of the resource. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary such as RFC 4646 [RFC4646]
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#dcterms:language
Examples: "en" for English, "es" for Spanish
Qualified Namehttp://purl.org/dc/terms/language
Namespacehttp://purl.org/dc/terms/
GroupRecord Level
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
rights
Information about rights held in and over the resource. Typically, rights information includes a statement about various property rights associated with the resource, including intellectual property rights
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#dcterms:rights
Examples: "Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United States License"
Qualified Namehttp://purl.org/dc/terms/rights
Namespacehttp://purl.org/dc/terms/
GroupRecord Level
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
rightsHolder
A person or organization owning or managing rights over the resource
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#dcterms:rightsHolder
Examples: "The Regents of the University of California."
Qualified Namehttp://purl.org/dc/terms/rightsHolder
Namespacehttp://purl.org/dc/terms/
GroupRecord Level
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
accessRights
Information about who can access the resource or an indication of its security status. Access Rights may include information regarding access or restrictions based on privacy, security, or other policies
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#dcterms:accessRights
Examples: "not-for-profit use only"
Qualified Namehttp://purl.org/dc/terms/accessRights
Namespacehttp://purl.org/dc/terms/
GroupRecord Level
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
bibliographicCitation
A bibliographic reference for the resource as a statement indicating how this record should be cited (attributed) when used. Recommended practice is to include sufficient bibliographic detail to identify the resource as unambiguously as possible
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#dcterms:bibliographicCitation
Examples: "Ctenomys sociabilis (MVZ 165861)" for a specimen, "Oliver P. Pearson. 1985. Los tuco-tucos (genera Ctenomys) de los Parques Nacionales Lanin y Nahuel Huapi, Argentina Historia Natural, 5(37):337-343." for a Taxon
Qualified Namehttp://purl.org/dc/terms/bibliographicCitation
Namespacehttp://purl.org/dc/terms/
GroupRecord Level
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
references
A URL to a related resource that is referenced, cited, or otherwise pointed to by the described resource. Often another webpage showing the same, but richer resource
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#dcterms:references
Examples: http://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=552479
Qualified Namehttp://purl.org/dc/terms/references
Namespacehttp://purl.org/dc/terms/
GroupRecord Level
Data Type uri
Requiredfalse
institutionID
An identifier for the institution having custody of the object(s) or information referred to in the record.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#institutionID
Examples:
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/institutionID
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupRecord Level
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
collectionID
An identifier for the collection or dataset from which the record was derived. For physical specimens, the recommended best practice is to use the identifier in a collections registry such as the Biodiversity Collections Index (http://www.biodiversitycollectionsindex.org/).
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#collectionID
Examples: "urn:lsid:biocol.org:col:34818"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/collectionID
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupRecord Level
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
datasetID
An identifier for the set of data. May be a global unique identifier or an identifier specific to a collection or institution.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#datasetID
Examples:
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/datasetID
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupRecord Level
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
institutionCode
The name (or acronym) in use by the institution having custody of the object(s) or information referred to in the record.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#institutionCode
Examples: "MVZ", "FMNH", "AKN-CLO", "University of California Museum of Paleontology (UCMP)"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/institutionCode
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupRecord Level
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
collectionCode
The name, acronym, coden, or initialism identifying the collection or data set from which the record was derived.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#collectionCode
Examples: "Mammals", "Hildebrandt", "eBird"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/collectionCode
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupRecord Level
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
datasetName
The name identifying the data set from which the record was derived.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#datasetName
Examples: "Grinnell Resurvey Mammals", "Lacey Ctenomys Recaptures"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/datasetName
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupRecord Level
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
ownerInstitutionCode
The name (or acronym) in use by the institution having ownership of the object(s) or information referred to in the record.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#ownerInstitutionCode
Examples: "NPS", "APN", "InBio"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/ownerInstitutionCode
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupRecord Level
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
basisOfRecord
The specific nature of the data record - a subtype of the dcterms:type. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary such as the Darwin Core Type Vocabulary (http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/type-vocabulary/index.htm).
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#basisOfRecord
Examples: "PreservedSpecimen", "FossilSpecimen", "LivingSpecimen", "HumanObservation", "MachineObservation"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/basisOfRecord
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupRecord Level
Data Type Darwin Core Type Vocabulary
Requiredtrue
informationWithheld
Additional information that exists, but that has not been shared in the given record.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#informationWithheld
Examples: "location information not given for endangered species", "collector identities withheld", "ask about tissue samples"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/informationWithheld
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupRecord Level
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
dataGeneralizations
Actions taken to make the shared data less specific or complete than in its original form. Suggests that alternative data of higher quality may be available on request.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#dataGeneralizations
Examples: "Coordinates generalized from original GPS coordinates to the nearest half degree grid cell"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/dataGeneralizations
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupRecord Level
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
dynamicProperties
A list (concatenated and separated) of additional measurements, facts, characteristics, or assertions about the record. Meant to provide a mechanism for structured content such as key-value pairs.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#dynamicProperties
Examples: "tragusLengthInMeters=0.014; weightInGrams=120", "heightInMeters=1.5", "natureOfID=expert identification; identificationEvidence=cytochrome B sequence", "relativeHumidity=28; airTemperatureInC=22; sampleSizeInKilograms=10", "aspectHeading=277; slopeInDegrees=6", "iucnStatus=vulnerable; taxonDistribution=Neuquen, Argentina"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/dynamicProperties
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupRecord Level
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
source
Deprecated in favor over dcterm:references! A URI link to the source of this record. A link to a webpage or RESTful webservice is recommended. URI is mandatory format.
Examples: http://ww2.bgbm.org/herbarium/view_large.cfm?SpecimenPK=100611&idThumb=310161&SpecimenSequenz=1&loan=0
Qualified Namehttp://purl.org/dc/terms/source
Namespacehttp://purl.org/dc/terms/
GroupRecord Level
Data Type uri
Requiredfalse

MaterialSample

materialSampleID
An identifier for the MaterialSample (as opposed to a particular digital record of the material sample). In the absence of a persistent global unique identifier, construct one from a combination of identifiers in the record that will most closely make the materialSampleID globally unique.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#materialSampleID
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/materialSampleID
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupMaterialSample
Data Type string
Requiredfalse

Occurrence

occurrenceID
An identifier for the Occurrence (as opposed to a particular digital record of the occurrence). In the absence of a persistent global unique identifier, construct one from a combination of identifiers in the record that will most closely make the occurrenceID globally unique.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#occurrenceID
Examples: For a specimen in the absence of a bona fide global unique identifier, for example, use the form: "urn:catalog:[institutionCode]:[collectionCode]:[catalogNumber]. "urn:lsid:nhm.ku.edu:Herps:32", "urn:catalog:FMNH:Mammal:145732"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/occurrenceID
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupOccurrence
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
catalogNumber
An identifier (preferably unique) for the record within the data set or collection.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#catalogNumber
Examples: "2008.1334", "145732a", "145732"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/catalogNumber
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupOccurrence
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
occurrenceRemarks
Comments or notes about the Occurrence.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#occurrenceRemarks
Examples: "found dead on road"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/occurrenceRemarks
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupOccurrence
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
recordNumber
An identifier given to the Occurrence at the time it was recorded. Often serves as a link between field notes and an Occurrence record, such as a specimen collector's number.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#recordNumber
Examples: "OPP 7101"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/recordNumber
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupOccurrence
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
recordedBy
A list (concatenated and separated) of names of people, groups, or organizations responsible for recording the original Occurrence. The primary collector or observer, especially one who applies a personal identifier (recordNumber), should be listed first.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#recordedBy
Examples: "Oliver P. Pearson; Anita K. Pearson" where the value in recordNumber "OPP 7101" corresponds to the number for the specimen in the field catalog (collector number) of Oliver P. Pearson.
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/recordedBy
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupOccurrence
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
individualID
An identifier for an individual or named group of individual organisms represented in the Occurrence. Meant to accommodate resampling of the same individual or group for monitoring purposes. May be a global unique identifier or an identifier specific to a data set.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#individualID
Examples: "U.amer. 44", "Smedley", "Orca J 23"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/individualID
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupOccurrence
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
individualCount
The number of individuals represented present at the time of the Occurrence.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#individualCount
Examples: "1", "25"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/individualCount
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupOccurrence
Data Type integer
Requiredfalse
sex
The sex of the biological individual(s) represented in the Occurrence. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#sex
Examples: "female", "hermaphrodite", "male"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/sex
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupOccurrence
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
lifeStage
The age class or life stage of the biological individual(s) at the time the Occurrence was recorded. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#lifeStage
Examples: "egg", "eft", "juvenile", "adult", "2 adults 4 juveniles"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/lifeStage
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupOccurrence
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
reproductiveCondition
The reproductive condition of the biological individual(s) represented in the Occurrence. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#reproductiveCondition
Examples: Examples" "non-reproductive", "pregnant", "in bloom", "fruit-bearing"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/reproductiveCondition
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupOccurrence
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
behavior
A description of the behavior shown by the subject at the time the Occurrence was recorded. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#behavior
Examples: "roosting", "foraging", "running"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/behavior
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupOccurrence
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
establishmentMeans
The process by which the biological individual(s) represented in the Occurrence became established at the location. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#establishmentMeans
Examples: "cultivated", "invasive", "escaped from captivity", "wild", "native"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/establishmentMeans
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupOccurrence
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
occurrenceStatus
A statement about the presence or absence of a Taxon at a Location. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#occurrenceStatus
Examples: "present", "absent"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/occurrenceStatus
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupOccurrence
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
preparations
A list (concatenated and separated) of preparations and preservation methods for a specimen.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#preparations
Examples: "skin; skull; skeleton", "whole animal (ETOH); tissue (EDTA)", "fossil", "cast", "photograph", "DNA extract"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/preparations
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupOccurrence
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
disposition
The current state of a specimen with respect to the collection identified in collectionCode or collectionID. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#disposition
Examples: "in collection", "missing", "voucher elsewhere", "duplicates elsewhere"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/disposition
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupOccurrence
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
otherCatalogNumbers
A list (concatenated and separated) of previous or alternate fully qualified catalog numbers or other human-used identifiers for the same Occurrence, whether in the current or any other data set or collection.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#otherCatalogNumbers
Examples: "FMNH:Mammal:1234", "NPS YELLO6778; MBG 33424"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/otherCatalogNumbers
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupOccurrence
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
previousIdentifications
A list (concatenated and separated) of previous assignments of names to the Occurrence.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#previousIdentifications
Examples: "Anthus sp., field ID by G. Iglesias; Anthus correndera, expert ID by C. Cicero 2009-02-12 based on morphology"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/previousIdentifications
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupOccurrence
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
associatedMedia
A list (concatenated and separated) of identifiers (publication, global unique identifier, URI) of media associated with the Occurrence.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#associatedMedia
Examples: "http://arctos.database.museum/SpecimenImages/UAMObs/Mamm/2/P7291179.JPG"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/associatedMedia
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupOccurrence
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
associatedReferences
A list (concatenated and separated) of identifiers (publication, bibliographic reference, global unique identifier, URI) of literature associated with the Occurrence.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#associatedReferences
Examples: "http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/abstract/322/5899/261", "Christopher J. Conroy, Jennifer L. Neuwald. 2008. Phylogeographic study of the California vole, Microtus californicus Journal of Mammalogy, 89(3):755-767."
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/associatedReferences
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupOccurrence
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
associatedOccurrences
A list (concatenated and separated) of identifiers of other Occurrence records and their associations to this Occurrence.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#associatedOccurrences
Examples: "sibling of FMNH:Mammal:1234; sibling of FMNH:Mammal:1235"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/associatedOccurrences
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupOccurrence
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
associatedSequences
A list (concatenated and separated) of identifiers (publication, global unique identifier, URI) of genetic sequence information associated with the Occurrence.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#associatedSequences
Examples: "GenBank: U34853.1"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/associatedSequences
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupOccurrence
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
associatedTaxa
A list (concatenated and separated) of identifiers or names of taxa and their associations with the Occurrence.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#associatedTaxa
Examples: "host: Quercus alba"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/associatedTaxa
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupOccurrence
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
occurrenceDetails
This term is deprecated in favor over the new dcterm:references. Previously this term was used as: A reference (publication, URI) to the most detailed information available about the Occurrence.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#occurrenceDetails
Examples:
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/occurrenceDetails
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupOccurrence
Data Type string
Requiredfalse

Event

eventID
An identifier for the set of information associated with an Event (something that occurs at a place and time). May be a global unique identifier or an identifier specific to the data set.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#eventID
Examples:
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/eventID
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupEvent
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
samplingProtocol
The name of, reference to, or description of the method or protocol used during an Event.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#samplingProtocol
Examples: "UV light trap", "mist net", "bottom trawl", "ad hoc observation", "point count", "Penguins from space: faecal stains reveal the location of emperor penguin colonies, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1466-8238.2009.00467.x", "Takats et al. 2001. Guidelines for Nocturnal Owl Monitoring in North America. Beaverhill Bird Observatory and Bird Studies Canada, Edmonton, Alberta. 32 pp.", "http://www.bsc-eoc.org/download/Owl.pdf"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/samplingProtocol
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupEvent
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
samplingEffort
The amount of effort expended during an Event.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#samplingEffort
Examples: "40 trap-nights", "10 observer-hours; 10 km by foot; 30 km by car"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/samplingEffort
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupEvent
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
eventDate
The date-time or interval during which an Event occurred. For occurrences, this is the date-time when the event was recorded. Not suitable for a time in a geological context. Recommended best practice is to use an encoding scheme, such as ISO 8601:2004(E).
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#eventDate
Examples: "1963-03-08T14:07-0600" is 8 Mar 1963 2:07pm in the time zone six hours earlier than UTC, "2009-02-20T08:40Z" is 20 Feb 2009 8:40am UTC, "1809-02-12" is 12 Feb 1809, "1906-06" is Jun 1906, "1971" is just that year, "2007-03-01T13:00:00Z/2008-05-11T15:30:00Z" is the interval between 1 Mar 2007 1pm UTC and 11 May 2008 3:30pm UTC, "2007-11-13/15" is the interval between 13 Nov 2007 and 15 Nov 2007.
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/eventDate
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupEvent
Data Type date
Requiredfalse
eventTime
The time or interval during which an Event occurred. Recommended best practice is to use an encoding scheme, such as ISO 8601:2004(E).
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#eventTime
Examples: "14:07-0600" is 2:07pm in the time zone six hours earlier than UTC, "08:40:21Z" is 8:40:21am UTC, "13:00:00Z/15:30:00Z" is the interval between 1pm UTC and 3:30pm UTC.
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/eventTime
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupEvent
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
startDayOfYear
The earliest ordinal day of the year on which the Event occurred (1 for January 1, 365 for December 31, except in a leap year, in which case it is 366).
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#startDayOfYear
Examples: "1" (=1 Jan), "366" (=31 Dec), "365" (=30 Dec in a leap year, 31 Dec in a non-leap year)
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/startDayOfYear
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupEvent
Data Type integer
Requiredfalse
endDayOfYear
The latest ordinal day of the year on which the Event occurred (1 for January 1, 365 for December 31, except in a leap year, in which case it is 366).
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#endDayOfYear
Examples: "1" (=1 Jan), "366" (=31 Dec), "365" (=30 Dec in a leap year, 31 Dec in a non-leap year)
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/endDayOfYear
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupEvent
Data Type integer
Requiredfalse
year
The four-digit year in which the Event occurred, according to the Common Era Calendar.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#year
Examples: "2008"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/year
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupEvent
Data Type integer
Requiredfalse
month
The ordinal month in which the Event occurred.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#month
Examples: "1" (=January), "10" (=October)
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/month
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupEvent
Data Type integer
Requiredfalse
day
The integer day of the month on which the Event occurred.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#day
Examples: "9", "28"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/day
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupEvent
Data Type integer
Requiredfalse
verbatimEventDate
The verbatim original representation of the date and time information for an Event.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#verbatimEventDate
Examples: "spring 1910", "Marzo 2002", "1999-03-XX", "17IV1934"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/verbatimEventDate
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupEvent
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
habitat
A category or description of the habitat in which the Event occurred.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#habitat
Examples: "oak savanna", "pre-cordilleran steppe"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/habitat
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupEvent
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
fieldNumber
An identifier given to the event in the field. Often serves as a link between field notes and the Event.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#fieldNumber
Examples: "RV Sol 87-03-08"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/fieldNumber
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupEvent
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
fieldNotes
One of a) an indicator of the existence of, b) a reference to (publication, URI), or c) the text of notes taken in the field about the Event.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#fieldNotes
Examples: "notes available in Grinnell-Miller Library"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/fieldNotes
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupEvent
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
eventRemarks
Comments or notes about the Event.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#eventRemarks
Examples: "after the recent rains the river is nearly at flood stage"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/eventRemarks
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupEvent
Data Type string
Requiredfalse

Location

locationID
An identifier for the set of location information (data associated with dcterms:Location). May be a global unique identifier or an identifier specific to the data set.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#locationID
Examples:
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/locationID
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupLocation
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
higherGeographyID
An identifier for the geographic region within which the Location occurred. Recommended best practice is to use an persistent identifier from a controlled vocabulary such as the Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#higherGeographyID
Examples: "TGN: 1002002" for Prov. Tierra del Fuego, Argentina
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/higherGeographyID
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupLocation
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
higherGeography
A list (concatenated and separated) of geographic names less specific than the information captured in the locality term.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#higherGeography
Examples: "South America; Argentina; Patagonia; Parque Nacional Nahuel Huapi; Neuquén; Los Lagos" with accompanying values "South America" in Continent, "Argentina" in Country, "Neuquén" in StateProvince, and Los Lagos in County.
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/higherGeography
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupLocation
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
continent
The name of the continent in which the Location occurs. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary such as the Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names or the ISO 3166 Continent code.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#continent
Examples: "Antarctica"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/continent
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupLocation
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
waterBody
The name of the water body in which the Location occurs. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary such as the Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#waterBody
Examples: "Indian Ocean", "Baltic Sea"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/waterBody
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupLocation
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
islandGroup
The name of the island group in which the Location occurs. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary such as the Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#islandGroup
Examples: "Alexander Archipelago"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/islandGroup
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupLocation
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
island
The name of the island on or near which the Location occurs. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary such as the Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#island
Examples: "Isla Victoria"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/island
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupLocation
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
country
The name of the country or major administrative unit in which the Location occurs. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary such as the Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#country
Examples: "Denmark", "Colombia", "España"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/country
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupLocation
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
countryCode
The standard code for the country in which the Location occurs. Recommended best practice is to use ISO 3166-1-alpha-2 country codes.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#countryCode
Examples: "AR" for Argentina, "SV" for El Salvador
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/countryCode
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupLocation
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
stateProvince
The name of the next smaller administrative region than country (state, province, canton, department, region, etc.) in which the Location occurs.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#stateProvince
Examples: "Montana", "Minas Gerais", "Córdoba"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/stateProvince
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupLocation
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
county
The full, unabbreviated name of the next smaller administrative region than stateProvince (county, shire, department, etc.) in which the Location occurs.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#county
Examples: "Missoula", "Los Lagos", "Mataró"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/county
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupLocation
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
municipality
The full, unabbreviated name of the next smaller administrative region than county (city, municipality, etc.) in which the Location occurs. Do not use this term for a nearby named place that does not contain the actual location.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#municipality
Examples: "Holzminden"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/municipality
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupLocation
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
locality
The specific description of the place. Less specific geographic information can be provided in other geographic terms (higherGeography, continent, country, stateProvince, county, municipality, waterBody, island, islandGroup). This term may contain information modified from the original to correct perceived errors or standardize the description.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#locality
Examples: "Bariloche, 25 km NNE via Ruta Nacional 40 (=Ruta 237)"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/locality
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupLocation
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
verbatimLocality
The original textual description of the place.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#verbatimLocality
Examples: "25 km NNE Bariloche por R. Nac. 237"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/verbatimLocality
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupLocation
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
verbatimElevation
The original description of the elevation (altitude, usually above sea level) of the Location.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#verbatimElevation
Examples: "100-200 m"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/verbatimElevation
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupLocation
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
minimumElevationInMeters
The lower limit of the range of elevation (altitude, usually above sea level), in meters.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#minimumElevationInMeters
Examples: "100"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/minimumElevationInMeters
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupLocation
Data Type decimal
Requiredfalse
maximumElevationInMeters
The upper limit of the range of elevation (altitude, usually above sea level), in meters.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#maximumElevationInMeters
Examples: "200"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/maximumElevationInMeters
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupLocation
Data Type decimal
Requiredfalse
verbatimDepth
The original description of the depth below the local surface.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#verbatimDepth
Examples: "100-200 m"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/verbatimDepth
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupLocation
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
minimumDepthInMeters
The lesser depth of a range of depth below the local surface, in meters.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#minimumDepthInMeters
Examples: "100"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/minimumDepthInMeters
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupLocation
Data Type decimal
Requiredfalse
maximumDepthInMeters
The greater depth of a range of depth below the local surface, in meters.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#maximumDepthInMeters
Examples: "200"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/maximumDepthInMeters
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupLocation
Data Type decimal
Requiredfalse
minimumDistanceAboveSurfaceInMeters
The lesser distance in a range of distance from a reference surface in the vertical direction, in meters. Use positive values for locations above the surface, negative values for locations below. If depth measures are given, the reference surface is the location given by the depth, otherwise the reference surface is the location given by the elevation.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#minimumDistanceAboveSurfaceInMeters
Examples: 1.5 meter sediment core from the bottom of a lake (at depth 20m) at 300m elevation; VerbatimElevation: "300m" MinimumElevationInMeters: "300", MaximumElevationInMeters: "300", VerbatimDepth: "20m", MinimumDepthInMeters: "20", MaximumDepthInMeters: "20", minimumDistanceAboveSurfaceInMeters: "0", maximumDistanceAboveSurfaceInMeters: "-1.5"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/minimumDistanceAboveSurfaceInMeters
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupLocation
Data Type decimal
Requiredfalse
maximumDistanceAboveSurfaceInMeters
The greater distance in a range of distance from a reference surface in the vertical direction, in meters. Use positive values for locations above the surface, negative values for locations below. If depth measures are given, the reference surface is the location given by the depth, otherwise the reference surface is the location given by the elevation.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#maximumDistanceAboveSurfaceInMeters
Examples: 1.5 meter sediment core from the bottom of a lake (at depth 20m) at 300m elevation; VerbatimElevation: "300m" MinimumElevationInMeters: "300", MaximumElevationInMeters: "300", VerbatimDepth: "20m", MinimumDepthInMeters: "20", MaximumDepthInMeters: "20", minimumDistanceAboveSurfaceInMeters: "0", maximumDistanceAboveSurfaceInMeters: "-1.5"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/maximumDistanceAboveSurfaceInMeters
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupLocation
Data Type decimal
Requiredfalse
locationAccordingTo
Information about the source of this Location information. Could be a publication (gazetteer), institution, or team of individuals.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#locationAccordingTo
Examples: "Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names", "GADM"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/locationAccordingTo
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupLocation
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
locationRemarks
Comments or notes about the Location.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#locationRemarks
Examples: "under water since 2005"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/locationRemarks
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupLocation
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
verbatimCoordinates
The verbatim original spatial coordinates of the Location. The coordinate ellipsoid, geodeticDatum, or full Spatial Reference System (SRS) for these coordinates should be stored in verbatimSRS and the coordinate system should be stored in verbatimCoordinateSystem.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#verbatimCoordinates
Examples: "41 05 54S 121 05 34W", "17T 630000 4833400"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/verbatimCoordinates
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupLocation
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
verbatimLatitude
The verbatim original latitude of the Location. The coordinate ellipsoid, geodeticDatum, or full Spatial Reference System (SRS) for these coordinates should be stored in verbatimSRS and the coordinate system should be stored in verbatimCoordinateSystem.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#verbatimLatitude
Examples: "41 05 54.03S"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/verbatimLatitude
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupLocation
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
verbatimLongitude
The verbatim original longitude of the Location. The coordinate ellipsoid, geodeticDatum, or full Spatial Reference System (SRS) for these coordinates should be stored in verbatimSRS and the coordinate system should be stored in verbatimCoordinateSystem.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#verbatimLongitude
Examples: "121d 10' 34" W"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/verbatimLongitude
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupLocation
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
verbatimCoordinateSystem
The spatial coordinate system for the verbatimLatitude and verbatimLongitude or the verbatimCoordinates of the Location. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#verbatimCoordinateSystem
Examples: "decimal degrees", "degrees decimal minutes", "degrees minutes seconds", "UTM"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/verbatimCoordinateSystem
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupLocation
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
verbatimSRS
The ellipsoid, geodetic datum, or spatial reference system (SRS) upon which coordinates given in verbatimLatitude and verbatimLongitude, or verbatimCoordinates are based. Recommended best practice is use the EPSG code as a controlled vocabulary to provide an SRS, if known. Otherwise use a controlled vocabulary for the name or code of the geodetic datum, if known. Otherwise use a controlled vocabulary for the name or code of the ellipsoid, if known. If none of these is known, use the value "unknown".
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#verbatimSRS
Examples: "EPSG:4326", "WGS84", "NAD27", "Campo Inchauspe", "European 1950", "Clarke 1866"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/verbatimSRS
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupLocation
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
decimalLatitude
The geographic latitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are north of the Equator, negative values are south of it. Legal values lie between -90 and 90, inclusive.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#decimalLatitude
Examples: "-41.0983423"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/decimalLatitude
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupLocation
Data Type decimal
Requiredfalse
decimalLongitude
The geographic longitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are east of the Greenwich Meridian, negative values are west of it. Legal values lie between -180 and 180, inclusive.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#decimalLongitude
Examples: "-121.1761111"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/decimalLongitude
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupLocation
Data Type decimal
Requiredfalse
geodeticDatum
The ellipsoid, geodetic datum, or spatial reference system (SRS) upon which the geographic coordinates given in decimalLatitude and decimalLongitude as based. Recommended best practice is use the EPSG code as a controlled vocabulary to provide an SRS, if known. Otherwise use a controlled vocabulary for the name or code of the geodetic datum, if known. Otherwise use a controlled vocabulary for the name or code of the ellipsoid, if known. If none of these is known, use the value "unknown".
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#geodeticDatum
Examples: "EPSG:4326", "WGS84", "NAD27", "Campo Inchauspe", "European 1950", "Clarke 1866"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/geodeticDatum
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupLocation
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
coordinateUncertaintyInMeters
The horizontal distance (in meters) from the given decimalLatitude and decimalLongitude describing the smallest circle containing the whole of the Location. Leave the value empty if the uncertainty is unknown, cannot be estimated, or is not applicable (because there are no coordinates). Zero is not a valid value for this term.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#coordinateUncertaintyInMeters
Examples: "30" (reasonable lower limit of a GPS reading under good conditions if the actual precision was not recorded at the time), "71" (uncertainty for a UTM coordinate having 100 meter precision and a known spatial reference system).
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/coordinateUncertaintyInMeters
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupLocation
Data Type decimal
Requiredfalse
coordinatePrecision
A decimal representation of the precision of the coordinates given in the decimalLatitude and decimalLongitude.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#coordinatePrecision
Examples: "0.00001" (normal GPS limit for decimal degrees), "0.000278" (nearest second), "0.01667" (nearest minute), "1.0" (nearest degree)
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/coordinatePrecision
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupLocation
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
pointRadiusSpatialFit
The ratio of the area of the point-radius (decimalLatitude, decimalLongitude, coordinateUncertaintyInMeters) to the area of the true (original, or most specific) spatial representation of the Location. Legal values are 0, greater than or equal to 1, or undefined. A value of 1 is an exact match or 100% overlap. A value of 0 should be used if the given point-radius does not completely contain the original representation. The pointRadiusSpatialFit is undefined (and should be left blank) if the original representation is a point without uncertainty and the given georeference is not that same point (without uncertainty). If both the original and the given georeference are the same point, the pointRadiusSpatialFit is 1.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#pointRadiusSpatialFit
Examples: Detailed explanations with graphical examples can be found in the "Guide to Best Practices for Georeferencing", Chapman and Wieczorek, eds. 2006 (http://www.gbif.org/prog/digit/Georeferencing).
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/pointRadiusSpatialFit
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupLocation
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
footprintWKT
A Well-Known Text (WKT) representation of the shape (footprint, geometry) that defines the Location. A Location may have both a point-radius representation (see decimalLatitude) and a footprint representation, and they may differ from each other.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#footprintWKT
Examples: the one-degree bounding box with opposite corners at (longitude=10, latitude=20) and (longitude=11, latitude=21) would be expressed in well-known text as POLYGON ((10 20, 11 20, 11 21, 10 21, 10 20))
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/footprintWKT
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupLocation
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
footprintSRS
A Well-Known Text (WKT) representation of the Spatial Reference System (SRS) for the footprintWKT of the Location. Do not use this term to describe the SRS of the decimalLatitude and decimalLongitude, even if it is the same as for the footprintWKT - use the geodeticDatum instead.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#footprintSRS
Examples: The WKT for the standard WGS84 SRS (EPSG:4326) is "GEOGCS["GCS_WGS_1984",DATUM["D_WGS_1984",SPHEROID["WGS_1984",6378137,298.257223563]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0],UNIT["Degree",0.0174532925199433]]" without the enclosing quotes.
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/footprintSRS
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupLocation
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
footprintSpatialFit
The ratio of the area of the footprint (footprintWKT) to the area of the true (original, or most specific) spatial representation of the Location. Legal values are 0, greater than or equal to 1, or undefined. A value of 1 is an exact match or 100% overlap. A value of 0 should be used if the given footprint does not completely contain the original representation. The footprintSpatialFit is undefined (and should be left blank) if the original representation is a point and the given georeference is not that same point. If both the original and the given georeference are the same point, the footprintSpatialFit is 1.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#footprintSpatialFit
Examples: Detailed explanations with graphical examples can be found in the "Guide to Best Practices for Georeferencing", Chapman and Wieczorek, eds. 2006 (http://www.gbif.org/prog/digit/Georeferencing).
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/footprintSpatialFit
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupLocation
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
georeferencedBy
A list (concatenated and separated) of names of people, groups, or organizations who determined the georeference (spatial representation) the Location.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#georeferencedBy
Examples: "Kristina Yamamoto (MVZ); Janet Fang (MVZ)", "Brad Millen (ROM)"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/georeferencedBy
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupLocation
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
georeferencedDate
The date on which the Location was georeferenced. Recommended best practice is to use an encoding scheme, such as ISO 8601:2004(E).
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#georeferencedDate
Examples: 1963-03-08
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/georeferencedDate
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupLocation
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
georeferenceProtocol
A description or reference to the methods used to determine the spatial footprint, coordinates, and uncertainties.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#georeferenceProtocol
Examples: "Guide to Best Practices for Georeferencing" (Chapman and Wieczorek, eds. 2006), Global Biodiversity Information Facility.", "MaNIS/HerpNet/ORNIS Georeferencing Guidelines", "BioGeomancer"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/georeferenceProtocol
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupLocation
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
georeferenceSources
A list (concatenated and separated) of maps, gazetteers, or other resources used to georeference the Location, described specifically enough to allow anyone in the future to use the same resources.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#georeferenceSources
Examples: "USGS 1:24000 Florence Montana Quad; Terrametrics 2008 on Google Earth"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/georeferenceSources
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupLocation
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
georeferenceVerificationStatus
A categorical description of the extent to which the georeference has been verified to represent the best possible spatial description. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#georeferenceVerificationStatus
Examples: "requires verification", "verified by collector", "verified by curator".
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/georeferenceVerificationStatus
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupLocation
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
georeferenceRemarks
Notes or comments about the spatial description determination, explaining assumptions made in addition or opposition to the those formalized in the method referred to in georeferenceProtocol.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#georeferenceRemarks
Examples: "assumed distance by road (Hwy. 101)"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/georeferenceRemarks
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupLocation
Data Type string
Requiredfalse

GeologicalContext

geologicalContextID
An identifier for the set of information associated with a GeologicalContext (the location within a geological context, such as stratigraphy). May be a global unique identifier or an identifier specific to the data set.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#geologicalContextID
Examples:
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/geologicalContextID
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupGeologicalContext
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
earliestEonOrLowestEonothem
The full name of the earliest possible geochronologic eon or lowest chrono-stratigraphic eonothem or the informal name ("Precambrian") attributable to the stratigraphic horizon from which the cataloged item was collected.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#earliestEonOrLowestEonothem
Examples: "Phanerozoic", "Proterozoic"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/earliestEonOrLowestEonothem
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupGeologicalContext
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
latestEonOrHighestEonothem
The full name of the latest possible geochronologic eon or highest chrono-stratigraphic eonothem or the informal name ("Precambrian") attributable to the stratigraphic horizon from which the cataloged item was collected.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#latestEonOrHighestEonothem
Examples: "Phanerozoic", "Proterozoic"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/latestEonOrHighestEonothem
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupGeologicalContext
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
earliestEraOrLowestErathem
The full name of the earliest possible geochronologic era or lowest chronostratigraphic erathem attributable to the stratigraphic horizon from which the cataloged item was collected.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#earliestEraOrLowestErathem
Examples: "Cenozoic", "Mesozoic"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/earliestEraOrLowestErathem
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupGeologicalContext
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
latestEraOrHighestErathem
The full name of the latest possible geochronologic era or highest chronostratigraphic erathem attributable to the stratigraphic horizon from which the cataloged item was collected.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#latestEraOrHighestErathem
Examples: "Cenozoic", "Mesozoic"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/latestEraOrHighestErathem
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupGeologicalContext
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
earliestPeriodOrLowestSystem
The full name of the earliest possible geochronologic period or lowest chronostratigraphic system attributable to the stratigraphic horizon from which the cataloged item was collected.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#earliestPeriodOrLowestSystem
Examples: "Neogene", "Tertiary", "Quaternary"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/earliestPeriodOrLowestSystem
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupGeologicalContext
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
latestPeriodOrHighestSystem
The full name of the latest possible geochronologic period or highest chronostratigraphic system attributable to the stratigraphic horizon from which the cataloged item was collected.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#latestPeriodOrHighestSystem
Examples: "Neogene", "Tertiary", "Quaternary"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/latestPeriodOrHighestSystem
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupGeologicalContext
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
earliestEpochOrLowestSeries
The full name of the earliest possible geochronologic epoch or lowest chronostratigraphic series attributable to the stratigraphic horizon from which the cataloged item was collected.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#earliestEpochOrLowestSeries
Examples: "Holocene", "Pleistocene", "Ibexian Series"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/earliestEpochOrLowestSeries
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupGeologicalContext
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
latestEpochOrHighestSeries
The full name of the latest possible geochronologic epoch or highest chronostratigraphic series attributable to the stratigraphic horizon from which the cataloged item was collected.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#latestEpochOrHighestSeries
Examples: "Holocene", "Pleistocene", "Ibexian Series"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/latestEpochOrHighestSeries
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupGeologicalContext
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
earliestAgeOrLowestStage
The full name of the earliest possible geochronologic age or lowest chronostratigraphic stage attributable to the stratigraphic horizon from which the cataloged item was collected.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#earliestAgeOrLowestStage
Examples: "Atlantic", "Boreal", "Skullrockian"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/earliestAgeOrLowestStage
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupGeologicalContext
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
latestAgeOrHighestStage
The full name of the latest possible geochronologic age or highest chronostratigraphic stage attributable to the stratigraphic horizon from which the cataloged item was collected.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#latestAgeOrHighestStage
Examples: "Atlantic", "Boreal", "Skullrockian"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/latestAgeOrHighestStage
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupGeologicalContext
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
lowestBiostratigraphicZone
The full name of the lowest possible geological biostratigraphic zone of the stratigraphic horizon from which the cataloged item was collected.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#lowestBiostratigraphicZone
Examples:
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/lowestBiostratigraphicZone
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupGeologicalContext
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
highestBiostratigraphicZone
The full name of the highest possible geological biostratigraphic zone of the stratigraphic horizon from which the cataloged item was collected.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#highestBiostratigraphicZone
Examples:
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/highestBiostratigraphicZone
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupGeologicalContext
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
lithostratigraphicTerms
The combination of all litho-stratigraphic names for the rock from which the cataloged item was collected.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#lithostratigraphicTerms
Examples:
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/lithostratigraphicTerms
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupGeologicalContext
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
group
The full name of the lithostratigraphic group from which the cataloged item was collected.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#group
Examples:
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/group
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupGeologicalContext
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
formation
The full name of the lithostratigraphic formation from which the cataloged item was collected.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#formation
Examples: "Notch Peak Fromation", "House Limestone", "Fillmore Formation"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/formation
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupGeologicalContext
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
member
The full name of the lithostratigraphic member from which the cataloged item was collected.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#member
Examples: "Lava Dam Member", "Hellnmaria Member"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/member
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupGeologicalContext
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
bed
The full name of the lithostratigraphic bed from which the cataloged item was collected.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#bed
Examples:
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/bed
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupGeologicalContext
Data Type string
Requiredfalse

Identification

identificationID
An identifier for the Identification (the body of information associated with the assignment of a scientific name). May be a global unique identifier or an identifier specific to the data set.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#identificationID
Examples:
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/identificationID
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupIdentification
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
identifiedBy
A list (concatenated and separated) of names of people, groups, or organizations who assigned the Taxon to the subject.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#identifiedBy
Examples: "James L. Patton", "Theodore Pappenfuss; Robert Macey"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/identifiedBy
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupIdentification
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
dateIdentified
The date on which the subject was identified as representing the Taxon. Recommended best practice is to use an encoding scheme, such as ISO 8601:2004(E).
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#dateIdentified
Examples: "1963-03-08T14:07-0600" is 8 Mar 1963 2:07pm in the time zone six hours earlier than UTC, "2009-02-20T08:40Z" is 20 Feb 2009 8:40am UTC, "1809-02-12" is 12 Feb 1809, "1906-06" is Jun 1906, "1971" is just that year, "2007-03-01T13:00:00Z/2008-05-11T15:30:00Z" is the interval between 1 Mar 2007 1pm UTC and 11 May 2008 3:30pm UTC, "2007-11-13/15" is the interval between 13 Nov 2007 and 15 Nov 2007.
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/dateIdentified
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupIdentification
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
identificationReferences
A list (concatenated and separated) of references (publication, global unique identifier, URI) used in the Identification.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#identificationReferences
Examples: "Aves del Noroeste Patagonico. Christie et al. 2004."
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/identificationReferences
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupIdentification
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
identificationRemarks
Comments or notes about the Identification.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#identificationRemarks
Examples: "Distinguished between Anthus correndera and Anthus hellmayri based on the comparative lengths of the uñas."
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/identificationRemarks
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupIdentification
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
identificationQualifier
A brief phrase or a standard term ("cf.", "aff.") to express the determiner's doubts about the Identification.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#identificationQualifier
Examples: 1) For the determination "Quercus aff. agrifolia var. oxyadenia", identificationQualifier would be "aff. agrifolia var. oxyadenia" with accompanying values "Quercus" in genus, "agrifolia" in specificEpithet, "oxyadenia" in infraspecificEpithet, and "var." in rank. 2) For the determination "Quercus agrifolia cf. var. oxyadenia", identificationQualifier would be "cf. var. oxyadenia " with accompanying values "Quercus" in genus, "agrifolia" in specificEpithet, "oxyadenia" in infraspecificEpithet, and "var." in rank.
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/identificationQualifier
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupIdentification
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
identificationVerificationStatus
A categorical indicator of the extent to which the taxonomic identification has been verified to be correct. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary such as that used in HISPID/ABCD.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#identificationVerificationStatus
Examples: "0", "4"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/identificationVerificationStatus
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupIdentification
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
typeStatus
A list (concatenated and separated) of nomenclatural types (type status, typified scientific name, publication) applied to the subject.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#typeStatus
Examples: "holotype of Ctenomys sociabilis. Pearson O. P., and M. I. Christie. 1985. Historia Natural, 5(37):388"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/typeStatus
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupIdentification
Data Type string
Requiredfalse

Taxon

taxonID
An identifier for the set of taxon information (data associated with the Taxon class). May be a global unique identifier or an identifier specific to the data set.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#taxonID
Examples: "8fa58e08-08de-4ac1-b69c-1235340b7001", "32567", "http://species.gbif.org/abies_alba_1753", "urn:lsid:gbif.org:usages:32567"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/taxonID
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
scientificNameID
An identifier for the nomenclatural (not taxonomic) details of a scientific name.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#scientificNameID
Examples: "urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:37829-1:1.3"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/scientificNameID
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
acceptedNameUsageID
An identifier for the name usage (documented meaning of the name according to a source) of the currently valid (zoological) or accepted (botanical) taxon.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#acceptedNameUsageID
Examples: "8fa58e08-08de-4ac1-b69c-1235340b7001"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/acceptedNameUsageID
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
parentNameUsageID
An identifier for the name usage (documented meaning of the name according to a source) of the direct, most proximate higher-rank parent taxon (in a classification) of the most specific element of the scientificName.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#parentNameUsageID
Examples: "8fa58e08-08de-4ac1-b69c-1235340b7001"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/parentNameUsageID
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
originalNameUsageID
An identifier for the name usage (documented meaning of the name according to a source) in which the terminal element of the scientificName was originally established under the rules of the associated nomenclaturalCode.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#originalNameUsageID
Examples: "http://species.gbif.org/abies_alba_1753"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/originalNameUsageID
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
nameAccordingToID
An identifier for the source in which the specific taxon concept circumscription is defined or implied. See nameAccordingTo.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#nameAccordingToID
Examples: "doi:10.1016/S0269-915X(97)80026-2"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/nameAccordingToID
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
namePublishedInID
An identifier for the publication in which the scientificName was originally established under the rules of the associated nomenclaturalCode.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#namePublishedInID
Examples: "http://hdl.handle.net/10199/7"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/namePublishedInID
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
taxonConceptID
An identifier for the taxonomic concept to which the record refers - not for the nomenclatural details of a taxon.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#taxonConceptID
Examples: "8fa58e08-08de-4ac1-b69c-1235340b7001"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/taxonConceptID
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
scientificName
The full scientific name, with authorship and date information if known. When forming part of an Identification, this should be the name in lowest level taxonomic rank that can be determined. This term should not contain identification qualifications, which should instead be supplied in the IdentificationQualifier term.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#scientificName
Examples: "Coleoptera" (order), "Vespertilionidae" (family), "Manis" (genus), "Ctenomys sociabilis" (genus + specificEpithet), "Ambystoma tigrinum diaboli" (genus + specificEpithet + infraspecificEpithet), "Roptrocerus typographi (Györfi, 1952)" (genus + specificEpithet + scientificNameAuthorship), "Quercus agrifolia var. oxyadenia (Torr.) J.T. Howell" (genus + specificEpithet + taxonRank + infraspecificEpithet + scientificNameAuthorship)
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/scientificName
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
acceptedNameUsage
The full name, with authorship and date information if known, of the currently valid (zoological) or accepted (botanical) taxon.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#acceptedNameUsage
Examples: "Tamias minimus" valid name for "Eutamias minimus"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/acceptedNameUsage
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
parentNameUsage
The full name, with authorship and date information if known, of the direct, most proximate higher-rank parent taxon (in a classification) of the most specific element of the scientificName.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#parentNameUsage
Examples: "Rubiaceae", "Gruiformes", "Testudinae"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/parentNameUsage
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
originalNameUsage
The taxon name, with authorship and date information if known, as it originally appeared when first established under the rules of the associated nomenclaturalCode. The basionym (botany) or basonym (bacteriology) of the scientificName or the senior/earlier homonym for replaced names.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#originalNameUsage
Examples: "Pinus abies", "Gasterosteus saltatrix Linnaeus 1768"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/originalNameUsage
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
nameAccordingTo
The reference to the source in which the specific taxon concept circumscription is defined or implied - traditionally signified by the Latin "sensu" or "sec." (from secundum, meaning "according to"). For taxa that result from identifications, a reference to the keys, monographs, experts and other sources should be given.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#nameAccordingTo
Examples: "McCranie, J. R., D. B. Wake, and L. D. Wilson. 1996. The taxonomic status of Bolitoglossa schmidti, with comments on the biology of the Mesoamerican salamander Bolitoglossa dofleini (Caudata: Plethodontidae). Carib. J. Sci. 32:395-398.", "Werner Greuter 2008", "Lilljeborg 1861, Upsala Univ. Arsskrift, Math. Naturvet., pp. 4, 5"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/nameAccordingTo
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
namePublishedIn
A reference for the publication in which the scientificName was originally established under the rules of the associated nomenclaturalCode.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#namePublishedIn
Examples: "Pearson O. P., and M. I. Christie. 1985. Historia Natural, 5(37):388", "Forel, Auguste, Diagnosies provisoires de quelques espèces nouvelles de fourmis de Madagascar, récoltées par M. Grandidier., Annales de la Societe Entomologique de Belgique, Comptes-rendus des Seances 30, 1886"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/namePublishedIn
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
namePublishedInYear
The four-digit year in which the scientificName was published.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#namePublishedInYear
Examples: 1915
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/namePublishedInYear
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type integer
Requiredfalse
higherClassification
A list (concatenated and separated) of taxa names terminating at the rank immediately superior to the taxon referenced in the taxon record. Recommended best practice is to order the list starting with the highest rank and separating the names for each rank with a semi-colon (";").
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#higherClassification
Examples: "Animalia; Chordata; Vertebrata; Mammalia; Theria; Eutheria; Rodentia; Hystricognatha; Hystricognathi; Ctenomyidae; Ctenomyini; Ctenomys"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/higherClassification
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
kingdom
The full scientific name of the kingdom in which the taxon is classified.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#kingdom
Examples: "Animalia", "Plantae"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/kingdom
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
phylum
The full scientific name of the phylum or division in which the taxon is classified.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#phylum
Examples: "Chordata" (phylum), "Bryophyta" (division)
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/phylum
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
class
The full scientific name of the class in which the taxon is classified.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#class
Examples: "Mammalia", "Hepaticopsida"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/class
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
order
The full scientific name of the order in which the taxon is classified.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#order
Examples: "Carnivora", "Monocleales"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/order
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
family
The full scientific name of the family in which the taxon is classified.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#family
Examples: "Felidae", "Monocleaceae"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/family
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
genus
The full scientific name of the genus in which the taxon is classified.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#genus
Examples: "Puma", "Monoclea"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/genus
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
subgenus
The full scientific name of the subgenus in which the taxon is classified. Values should include the genus to avoid homonym confusion.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#subgenus
Examples: "Strobus (Pinus)", "Puma (Puma)" "Loligo (Amerigo)", "Hieracium subgen. Pilosella"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/subgenus
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
specificEpithet
The name of the first or species epithet of the scientificName.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#specificEpithet
Examples: "concolor", "gottschei"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/specificEpithet
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
infraspecificEpithet
The name of the lowest or terminal infraspecific epithet of the scientificName, excluding any rank designation.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#infraspecificEpithet
Examples: "concolor", "oxyadenia", "sayi"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/infraspecificEpithet
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
taxonRank
The taxonomic rank of the most specific name in the scientificName. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#taxonRank
Examples: "subspecies", "varietas", "forma", "species", "genus"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/taxonRank
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
verbatimTaxonRank
The taxonomic rank of the most specific name in the scientificName as it appears in the original record.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#verbatimTaxonRank
Examples: "Agamospecies", "sub-lesus", "prole", "apomict", "nothogrex", "sp.", "subsp.", "var."
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/verbatimTaxonRank
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
scientificNameAuthorship
The authorship information for the scientificName formatted according to the conventions of the applicable nomenclaturalCode.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#scientificNameAuthorship
Examples: "(Torr.) J.T. Howell", "(Martinovský) Tzvelev", "(Györfi, 1952)"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/scientificNameAuthorship
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
vernacularName
A common or vernacular name.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#vernacularName
Examples: "Andean Condor", "Condor Andino", "American Eagle", "Gänsegeier"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/vernacularName
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
nomenclaturalCode
The nomenclatural code (or codes in the case of an ambiregnal name) under which the scientificName is constructed. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#nomenclaturalCode
Examples: "ICBN", "ICZN", "BC", "ICNCP", "BioCode", "ICZN; ICBN"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/nomenclaturalCode
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
taxonomicStatus
The status of the use of the scientificName as a label for a taxon. Requires taxonomic opinion to define the scope of a taxon. Rules of priority then are used to define the taxonomic status of the nomenclature contained in that scope, combined with the experts opinion. It must be linked to a specific taxonomic reference that defines the concept. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#taxonomicStatus
Examples: "invalid", "misapplied", "homotypic synonym", "accepted"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/taxonomicStatus
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
nomenclaturalStatus
The status related to the original publication of the name and its conformance to the relevant rules of nomenclature. It is based essentially on an algorithm according to the business rules of the code. It requires no taxonomic opinion.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#nomenclaturalStatus
Examples: "nom. ambig.", "nom. illeg.", "nom. subnud."
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/nomenclaturalStatus
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
taxonRemarks
Comments or notes about the taxon or name.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#taxonRemarks
Examples: "this name is a misspelling in common use"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/taxonRemarks
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type string
Requiredfalse