Darwin Core Taxon

dwc:Taxon

The category of information pertaining to taxonomic names, taxon name usages, or taxon concepts. Updated Nov 20011 with newly ratified terms.

Link: http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#Taxon


Properties



Taxon

taxonID
A unique identifier for the set of nomenclatural and taxonomic information (data associated with the Taxon class). A taxonID refers to a name being used somewhere, therefore not precluding whether it is a taxon (concept) or name alone that is being described. This also includes both accepted taxon references and references to synonyms. If possible a globally unique ID is preferred, but local IDs are valid as long as they are unique within the dataset. It is possible for two different taxonID rows to refer to the same scientificName if they refer to different taxon concept circumscriptions referenced in nameAccordingTo.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#taxonID
Examples: 8fa58e08-08de-4ac1-b69c-1235340b7001; 32567; http://species.gbif.org/abies_alba_1753; urn:lsid:gbif.org:usages:32567
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/taxonID
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
scientificNameID
Exclusively used to reference an external and resolvable identifier that returns nomenclatural (not taxonomic) details of a name. Use taxonID to refer to taxa.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#scientificNameID
Examples: urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:37829-1:1.3
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/scientificNameID
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
acceptedNameUsageID
The taxonID of the taxon considered to be the valid (zoological) or accepted (botanical) name for this nameUsage. If acceptedNameUsage is given, the scientificName of the nameUsage with taxonID=acceptedNameUsageID needs to be the same as acceptedNameUsage.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#acceptedNameUsageID
Examples: 8fa58e08-08de-4ac1-b69c-1235340b7001
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/acceptedNameUsageID
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
parentNameUsageID
The taxonID of the direct, most proximate higher-rank parent taxon (in a classification). If parentNameUsage is given, the scientificName of the nameUsage with taxonID=parentNameUsageID needs to be the same as higherNameUsage.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#parentNameUsageID
Examples: 8fa58e08-08de-4ac1-b69c-1235340b7001
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/parentNameUsageID
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
originalNameUsageID
A unique identifier for the nameUsage instance in which the name was originally established, under the rules of the associated nomenclaturalCode (i.e., within the namePublishedIn reference). The basionym (botany) or basonym (bacteriology) of the scientificName or the senior/earlier homonym for replaced names. If provided the nameAccordingTo value returned should match the namePublishedIn value for this record.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#originalNameUsageID
Examples: http://species.gbif.org/abies_alba_1753
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/originalNameUsageID
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
nameAccordingToID
A unique identifier that returns the details of a nameAccordingTo reference.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#nameAccordingToID
Examples: doi:10.1016/S0269-915X(97)80026-2
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/nameAccordingToID
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
namePublishedInID
A preferably resolvable, globally unique identifier that refers to namePublishedIn.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#namePublishedInID
Examples: http://hdl.handle.net/10199/7
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/namePublishedInID
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
taxonConceptID
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#taxonConceptID
Examples:
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/taxonConceptID
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
scientificName
The taxon name (with date and authorship information if applicable). When forming part of an Identification, this should be the name in lowest level taxonomic rank that can be determined. This term should not contain identification qualifications, which should instead be supplied in the IdentificationQualifier term.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#scientificName
Examples: "Coleoptera" (order), "Vespertilionidae" (family), "Manis" (genus), "Ctenomys sociabilis" (genus + specificEpithet), "Ambystoma tigrinum diaboli" (genus + specificEpithet + infraspecificEpithet), "Quercus agrifolia var. oxyadenia (Torr.)"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/scientificName
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
acceptedNameUsage
The scientificName of the taxon considered to be the valid (zoological) or accepted (botanical) name for this nameUsage.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#acceptedNameUsage
Examples: "Tamias minimus" valid name for "Eutamias minimus"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/acceptedNameUsage
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
parentNameUsage
The scientificName representing the direct, most proximate higher-rank parent taxon (in a taxonomic classification) of this taxons scientificName.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#parentNameUsage
Examples: "Rubiaceae", "Gruiformes", "Testudinae"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/parentNameUsage
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
originalNameUsage
The equivalent of the scientificName as it originally appeared when the name was first established under the rules of the associated nomenclaturalCode (i.e., within the namePublishedIn reference). The basionym (botany) or basonym (bacteriology) of the scientificName or the senior/earlier homonym for replaced names.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#originalNameUsage
Examples: "Pinus abies", "Gasterosteus saltatrix Linnaeus 1768"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/originalNameUsage
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
nameAccordingTo
To use a name precisely an indication of which concept of that name one refers to is needed. Traditionally the Latin sensu or sec. (for secundum – according to) have been used. For taxa that result from identifications a reference to the keys used, monographs, online source or experts should be given. If no accordingTo is explicitly given the "nominal concept" as defined by TCS is assumed. Could be a publication (identification key), institution or team of individuals.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#nameAccordingTo
Examples: "Werner Greuter 2008; Lilljeborg 1861, Upsala Univ. Arsskrift, Math. Naturvet., pp. 4, 5", "McCranie, J. R., D. B. Wake, and L. D. Wilson. 1996. The taxonomic status of Bolitoglossa schmidti, with comments on the biology of the Mesoamerican salamander Bolitoglossa dofleini (Caudata: Plethodontidae). Carib. J. Sci. 32:395-398."
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/nameAccordingTo
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
namePublishedIn
Reference to a publication representing the original publication of the name.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#namePublishedIn
Examples: Forel, Auguste, Diagnosies provisoires de quelques espèces nouvelles de fourmis de Madagascar, récoltées par M. Grandidier., Annales de la Societe Entomologique de de Belgique, Comptes-rendus des Seances 30, 1886
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/namePublishedIn
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
namePublishedInYear
The four-digit year in which the scientificName was published.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#namePublishedInYear
Examples: 1915
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/namePublishedInYear
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type integer
Requiredfalse
higherClassification
A list (concatenated and separated) of taxa names terminating at the rank immediately superior to the taxon referenced in the taxon record. Recommended best practice is to order the list starting with the highest rank and separating the names for each rank with a semi-colon (";").
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#higherClassification
Examples: Animalia; Chordata; Vertebrata; Mammalia; Theria; Eutheria; Rodentia; Hystricognatha; Hystricognathi; Ctenomyidae; Ctenomyini; Ctenomys
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/higherClassification
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
kingdom
The full scientific name of the kingdom in which the taxon is classified.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#kingdom
Examples: "Animalia", "Plantae"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/kingdom
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
phylum
The full scientific name of the phylum in which the taxon is classified.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#phylum
Examples: "Chordata" (phylum), "Bryophyta" (division)
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/phylum
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
class
The full scientific name of the class in which the taxon is classified.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#class
Examples: "Mammalia", "Hepaticopsida"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/class
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
order
The full scientific name of the order in which the taxon is classified.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#order
Examples: "Carnivora", "Monocleales"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/order
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
family
The full scientific name of the family in which the taxon is classified.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#family
Examples: "Felidae", "Monocleaceae"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/family
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
genus
The full scientific name of the genus in which the taxon is classified.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#genus
Examples: "Puma", "Monoclea"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/genus
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
subgenus
The full scientific name of the subgenus in which the taxon is classified. Values should include the genus to avoid homonym confusion.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#subgenus
Examples: Puma (Puma); Loligo (Amerigo); Hieracium subgen. Pilosella
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/subgenus
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
specificEpithet
The name of the species epithet of the scientificName.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#specificEpithet
Examples: "concolor", "gottschei"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/specificEpithet
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
infraspecificEpithet
The name of the lowest or terminal infraspecific epithet of the scientificName, excluding any rank marker.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#infraspecificEpithet
Examples: "concolor", "oxyadenia", "sayi"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/infraspecificEpithet
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
taxonRank
The taxonomic rank of the most specific name in the scientificName. Recommended vocabulary: http://rs.gbif.org/vocabulary/gbif/rank.xml
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#taxonRank
Examples: "subspecies", "varietas", "forma", "species", "genus"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/taxonRank
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
verbatimTaxonRank
The taxonomic rank of the most specific name in the scientificName as it appears in the original record or the rank designator within the verbatim original name itself.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#verbatimTaxonRank
Examples: "Agamospecies", "sub-lesus", "prole", "apomict", "nothogrex", "sp.", "subsp.", "var."
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/verbatimTaxonRank
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
scientificNameAuthorship
The authorship information for the scientificName formatted according to the conventions of the applicable nomenclaturalCode.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#scientificNameAuthorship
Examples: "(Torr.) J.T. Howell", "(Martinovský) Tzvelev", "(Linnaeus 1768)"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/scientificNameAuthorship
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
vernacularName
A common or vernacular name.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#vernacularName
Examples: "Andean Condor", "Condor Andino", "American Eagle", "Gänsegeier"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/vernacularName
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
nomenclaturalCode
The nomenclatural code under which the scientificName is constructed.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#nomenclaturalCode
Examples: ICBN; ICZN
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/nomenclaturalCode
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type Nomenclatural Codes
Requiredfalse
taxonomicStatus
The status of the use of the scientificName as a label for a taxon. Requires taxonomic opinion to define the scope of a taxon. Rules of priority then are used to define the taxonomic status of the nomenclature contained in that scope, combined with the experts opinion. It must be linked to a specific taxonomic reference that defines the concept. Recommended vocabulary: http://rs.gbif.org/vocabulary/gbif/taxonomic_status.xml
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#taxonomicStatus
Examples: "invalid", "misapplied", "homotypic synonym", "accepted"
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/taxonomicStatus
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
nomenclaturalStatus
The status related to the original publication of the name and its conformance to the relevant rules of nomenclature. It is based essentially on an algorithm according to the business rules of the code. It requires no taxonomic opinion. Recommended vocabulary: http://rs.gbif.org/vocabulary/gbif/nomenclatural_status.xml
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#nomenclaturalStatus
Examples: "nom. ambig.", "nom. illeg.", "nom. subnud."
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/nomenclaturalStatus
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
taxonRemarks
Comments or notes about the taxon or name.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#taxonRemarks
Examples: Type consists of a skull and skeletal fragments.
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/taxonRemarks
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupTaxon
Data Type string
Requiredfalse

Record Level

modified
Date when the record was last updated
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#dcterms:modified
Examples: 2009-08-21
Qualified Namehttp://purl.org/dc/terms/modified
Namespacehttp://purl.org/dc/terms/
GroupRecord Level
Data Type date
Requiredfalse
language
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#dcterms:language
Examples:
Qualified Namehttp://purl.org/dc/terms/language
Namespacehttp://purl.org/dc/terms/
GroupRecord Level
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
rights
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#dcterms:rights
Examples:
Qualified Namehttp://purl.org/dc/terms/rights
Namespacehttp://purl.org/dc/terms/
GroupRecord Level
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
rightsHolder
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#dcterms:rightsHolder
Examples:
Qualified Namehttp://purl.org/dc/terms/rightsHolder
Namespacehttp://purl.org/dc/terms/
GroupRecord Level
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
accessRights
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#dcterms:accessRights
Examples:
Qualified Namehttp://purl.org/dc/terms/accessRights
Namespacehttp://purl.org/dc/terms/
GroupRecord Level
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
bibliographicCitation
Citation information specified by the data publisher. Citation information is inherited downward by all child taxa if no other citation is included. Citation information is NOT accumulated upward. For example, one citation may be linked to a Mammalia entry and generally applies to all mammal species but a different citation for a child taxon, Primates, applies to all child primate taxa.
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#dcterms:bibliographicCitation
Examples: van Soest, R. (2009). Leucandra fistulosa (Johnston, 1842). In: Van Soest, R.W.M, Boury-Esnault, N., Hooper, J.N.A., Rützler, K, de Voogd, N.J., Alvarez, B., Hajdu, E., Pisera, A.B., Vacelet, J. Manconi, R., Schoenberg, C., Janussen, D., Tabachnick, K.R., Klautau, M. (Eds) (2009). World Porifera database
Qualified Namehttp://purl.org/dc/terms/bibliographicCitation
Namespacehttp://purl.org/dc/terms/
GroupRecord Level
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
informationWithheld
Additional remarks as to information not published, but available
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#informationWithheld
Examples: hybrid parents information available
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/informationWithheld
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupRecord Level
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
datasetID
An identifier for a (sub) dataset. Ideally globally unique, but any id allowed
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#datasetID
Examples: 13
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/datasetID
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupRecord Level
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
datasetName
The title of the (sub)dataset optionally also referenced via datasetID
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#datasetName
Examples:
Qualified Namehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/datasetName
Namespacehttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
GroupRecord Level
Data Type string
Requiredfalse
references
A URL to a related resource that is referenced, cited, or otherwise pointed to by the described resource. Often another webpage showing the same, but richer resource
See also http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/index.htm#dcterms:references
Examples: http://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=552479
Qualified Namehttp://purl.org/dc/terms/references
Namespacehttp://purl.org/dc/terms/
GroupRecord Level
Data Type uri
Requiredfalse
source
Deprecated in favor over new dcterm:references! A URI link or reference to the source of this record. A link to a webpage or RESTful webservice is recommended. URI is mandatory format.
Examples: http://www.catalogueoflife.org/annual-checklist/show_species_details.php?record_id=6197868
Qualified Namehttp://purl.org/dc/terms/source
Namespacehttp://purl.org/dc/terms/
GroupRecord Level
Data Type uri
Requiredfalse