Taxonomic Rank GBIF Vocabulary

An ordered taxonomic rank vocabulary with the most frequently used values and their alternative representations.


Concepts

domain
See also: http://rs.gbif.org/vocabulary/gbif/rank/domain
Preferred Terms: domain [en]; dominio [es]; domínio [pt];
Alternative Terms: superdomain [en]; empire [en]; superkingdom [en];
kingdom
See also: http://rs.gbif.org/vocabulary/gbif/rank/kingdom
Preferred Terms: kingdom [en]; reino [es]; reino [pt];
Alternative Terms: regnum [lt]; Reich [de];
subkingdom
See also: http://rs.gbif.org/vocabulary/gbif/rank/subkingdom
Preferred Terms: subkingdom [en]; subreino [es]; subreino [pt];
Alternative Terms: subregnum [lt];
superphylum
See also: http://rs.gbif.org/vocabulary/gbif/rank/superphylum
Preferred Terms: superphylum [en]; superfilo [es]; Überabteilung [de]; superfilo [pt];
Alternative Terms:
phylum
See also: http://rs.gbif.org/vocabulary/gbif/rank/phylum
Preferred Terms: phylum [en]; filo [es]; Stamm [de]; filo [pt];
Alternative Terms: divisio [lt]; devision [en]; Abteilung [de]; división [es];
subphylum
See also: http://rs.gbif.org/vocabulary/gbif/rank/subphylum
Preferred Terms: subphylum [en]; subfilo [es]; Unterstamm [de]; subfilo [pt];
Alternative Terms: subdivision [en]; subdivisión [es]; subdivisio [lt]; Unterabteilung [de];
superclass
See also: http://rs.gbif.org/vocabulary/gbif/rank/superclass
Preferred Terms: superclass [en]; superclase [es]; superclasse [pt];
Alternative Terms:
class
See also: http://rs.gbif.org/vocabulary/gbif/rank/class
Preferred Terms: class [en]; clase [es]; Klasse [de]; classe [pt];
Alternative Terms: classis [lt];
subclass
See also: http://rs.gbif.org/vocabulary/gbif/rank/subclass
Preferred Terms: subclass [en]; subclase [es]; subclasse [pt];
Alternative Terms: subclassis [lt]; Unterklasse [de];
supercohort
This concept has been deprecated! (Super)cohorte in the zoological sense placed between superorder and subclass
See also: http://rs.gbif.org/vocabulary/gbif/rank/supercohort
Preferred Terms: supercohort [en]; supercohorte [es]; supercohors [lt]; Überkohorte [de]; supercohorte [pt];
Alternative Terms:
cohort
This concept has been deprecated! Cohorte in the zoological sense placed between superorder and subclass
See also: http://rs.gbif.org/vocabulary/gbif/rank/cohort
Preferred Terms: cohort [en]; cohorte [es]; cohors [lt]; Kohorte [de]; cohorte [pt];
Alternative Terms:
subcohort
This concept has been deprecated! (Sub)cohorte in the zoological sense placed between superorder and subclass
See also: http://rs.gbif.org/vocabulary/gbif/rank/subcohort
Preferred Terms: subcohort [en]; subcohorte [es]; Unterkohorte [de]; subcohorte [pt];
Alternative Terms:
superorder
See also: http://rs.gbif.org/vocabulary/gbif/rank/superorder
Preferred Terms: superorder [en]; superorden [es]; Überordnung [de]; superordem [pt];
Alternative Terms:
order
See also: http://rs.gbif.org/vocabulary/gbif/rank/order
Preferred Terms: order [en]; orden [es]; Ordnung [de]; ordo [lt]; ordem [pt];
Alternative Terms: Reihe [de]; nixus [lt]; alliance [en];
suborder
See also: http://rs.gbif.org/vocabulary/gbif/rank/suborder
Preferred Terms: suborder [en]; suborden [es]; Unterordnung [de]; subordem [pt];
Alternative Terms: subordo [en];
infraorder
See also: http://rs.gbif.org/vocabulary/gbif/rank/infraorder
Preferred Terms: infraorder [en]; infraorden [es]; infraordem [pt];
Alternative Terms:
superfamily
See also: http://rs.gbif.org/vocabulary/gbif/rank/superfamily
Preferred Terms: superfamily [en]; superfamilia [es]; Überfamilie [de]; superfamília [pt];
Alternative Terms:
family
See also: http://rs.gbif.org/vocabulary/gbif/rank/family
Preferred Terms: family [en]; familia [es]; Familie [de]; familia [lt]; família [pt];
Alternative Terms:
subfamily
See also: http://rs.gbif.org/vocabulary/gbif/rank/subfamily
Preferred Terms: subfamily [en]; subfamilia [es]; Unterfamilie [de]; subfamilia [lt]; subfamília [pt];
Alternative Terms:
tribe
See also: http://rs.gbif.org/vocabulary/gbif/rank/tribe
Preferred Terms: tribe [en]; tribu [es]; tribus [lt]; Tribus [de]; tribo [pt];
Alternative Terms:
subtribe
See also: http://rs.gbif.org/vocabulary/gbif/rank/subtribe
Preferred Terms: subtribe [en]; subtribu [es]; Untertribus [de]; subtribo [pt];
Alternative Terms: subtribus [lt];
supragenericname
Used for any other unspecific rank above genera.
See also: http://rs.gbif.org/vocabulary/gbif/rank/supragenericname
Preferred Terms: supragenericname [en];
Alternative Terms:
genus
See also: http://rs.gbif.org/vocabulary/gbif/rank/genus
Preferred Terms: genus [en]; género [es]; Gattung [de]; gênero [pt];
Alternative Terms:
subgenus
See also: http://rs.gbif.org/vocabulary/gbif/rank/subgenus
Preferred Terms: subgenus [en]; subgénero [es]; Untergattung [de]; subgênero [pt];
Alternative Terms:
section
Section within a genus. In Zoology a section sometimes refers to a group above family level, this is NOT meant
See also: http://rs.gbif.org/vocabulary/gbif/rank/section
Preferred Terms: section [en]; sección [es]; Sektion [de]; secção [pt];
Alternative Terms: sectio [en];
subsection
Subsection within a genus
See also: http://rs.gbif.org/vocabulary/gbif/rank/subsection
Preferred Terms: subsection [en]; subsección [es]; Untersektion [de]; subsecção [pt];
Alternative Terms: subsectio [en];
series
Series within a genus
See also: http://rs.gbif.org/vocabulary/gbif/rank/series
Preferred Terms: series [en]; serie [es]; Serie [de]; série [pt];
Alternative Terms:
subseries
Subseries within a genus
See also: http://rs.gbif.org/vocabulary/gbif/rank/subseries
Preferred Terms: subseries [en]; subserie [es]; Unterserie [de]; subsérie [pt];
Alternative Terms:
speciesAggregate
A loosely defined group of species. Zoology: 'Aggregate - a group of species, other than a subgenus, within a genus. An aggregate may be denoted by a group name interpolated in parentheses.' -- The Berlin/MoreTax model notes:'[these] aren't taxonomic ranks but cirumscriptions because on the one hand they are necessary for the concatenation of the fullname and on the other hand they are necessary for distinguishing the aggregate or species group from the microspecies.' Compare subspecific aggregate for a group of subspecies within a species!
See also: http://rs.gbif.org/vocabulary/gbif/rank/speciesAggregate
Preferred Terms: speciesAggregate [en]; grupo de especies [es]; grupo de espécies [pt];
Alternative Terms: aggregate [en]; species group [en]; species complex [en];
infragenericname
Used for any other unspecific rank below genera and above species.
See also: http://rs.gbif.org/vocabulary/gbif/rank/infragenericname
Preferred Terms: infragenericname [en];
Alternative Terms:
species
See also: http://rs.gbif.org/vocabulary/gbif/rank/species
Preferred Terms: species [en]; especie [es]; Art [de]; espécie [pt];
Alternative Terms:
subspecificAggregate
A loosely defined group of subspecies. Zoology:'Aggregate - a group of subspecies within a species. An aggregate may be denoted by a group name interpolated in parentheses.'
See also: http://rs.gbif.org/vocabulary/gbif/rank/subspecificAggregate
Preferred Terms: subspecificAggregate [en]; grupo de subespecies [es]; grupo de subespécies [pt];
Alternative Terms: group [en]; complex [en];
infraspecificname
Used for any other unspecific rank below genera and above species.
See also: http://rs.gbif.org/vocabulary/gbif/rank/infraspecificname
Preferred Terms: infraspecificname [en];
Alternative Terms:
subspecies
See also: http://rs.gbif.org/vocabulary/gbif/rank/subspecies
Preferred Terms: subspecies [en]; subespecie [es]; Unterart [de]; subespécie [pt];
Alternative Terms:
infrasubspecificname
Used also for any other unspecific rank below subspecies.
See also: http://rs.gbif.org/vocabulary/gbif/rank/infrasubspecificname
Preferred Terms: infrasubspecificname [en];
Alternative Terms:
variety
See also: http://rs.gbif.org/vocabulary/gbif/rank/variety
Preferred Terms: variety [en]; variedad [es]; Varietät [de]; variedade [pt];
Alternative Terms: varietas [en];
subvariety
See also: http://rs.gbif.org/vocabulary/gbif/rank/subvariety
Preferred Terms: subvariety [en]; subvariedad [es]; Untervarietät [de]; subvariedade [pt];
Alternative Terms: subvarietas [en];
form
See also: http://rs.gbif.org/vocabulary/gbif/rank/form
Preferred Terms: form [en]; forma [es]; Form [de]; forma [pt];
Alternative Terms: forma [en];
subform
See also: http://rs.gbif.org/vocabulary/gbif/rank/subform
Preferred Terms: subform [en]; subforma [es]; Unterform [de]; subforma [pt];
Alternative Terms: subforma [en];
pathovar
Microbial rank based on pathogenic reactions in one or more hosts. For recommendations on designating pathovars and use of designations when reviving names see Dye et al. (1980) Standards for naming pathovars of phytopathogenic bacteria and a list of pathovar names and pathotype strains. Rev. Plant Pathol. 59:153–168. Example: Pseudomonas syringae pv. lachrymans.
See also: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK8812/table/A844/?report=objectonly
Preferred Terms: pathovar [en];
Alternative Terms:
biovar
Microbial rank based on biochemical or physiological properties. Example: Francisella tularensis biovar tularensis.
See also: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK8812/table/A844/?report=objectonly
Preferred Terms: biovar [en];
Alternative Terms:
chemovar
Microbial rank based on production or amount of production of a particular chemical. Example: Vibrio alginolyticus chemovar iophagus.
See also: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK8812/table/A844/?report=objectonly
Preferred Terms: chemovar [en];
Alternative Terms:
morphovar
Microbial rank based on morphological characterislics. Example: Acinetobacter junii morphovar I.
See also: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK8812/table/A844/?report=objectonly
Preferred Terms: morphovar [en];
Alternative Terms:
phagovar
Microbial infrasubspecific rank based on reactions to bacteriophage. Example: Staphyloccocus aureus phagovar 42D.
See also: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK8812/table/A844/?report=objectonly
Preferred Terms: phagovar [en];
Alternative Terms:
serovar
Microbial infrasubspecific rank based on antigenic characteristics. Example: Salmonella enterica serovar Dublin.
See also: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK8812/table/A844/?report=objectonly
Preferred Terms: serovar [en];
Alternative Terms:
chemoform
Microbial infrasubspecific rank based on chemical constitution. Example: Thymus vulgaris ct. geraniol.
See also: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK8812/table/A844/?report=objectonly
Preferred Terms: chemoform [en];
Alternative Terms:
formaspecialis
Microbial infrasubspecific rank. A parasitic, symbiotic, or commensal microorganism distinguished primarily by adaptation to a particular host or habitat. Named preferably by the scientific name of the host in the genitive. Example: Puccinia graminis f. sp. avenae
See also: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK8812/table/A844/?report=objectonly
Preferred Terms: formaspecialis [en];
Alternative Terms:
cultivarGroup
cultivar-group
See also: http://rs.gbif.org/vocabulary/gbif/rank/cultivarGroup
Preferred Terms: cultivarGroup [en]; grupo de cultivares [es]; grupo de cultivares [pt];
Alternative Terms: grex [en];
cultivar
The epithet is usually output in single quotes and may contain multiple words, see ICBN §28. Examples: Taxus baccata 'Variegata', Juniperus ×pfitzeriana 'Wilhelm Pfitzer'; Magnolia 'Elizabeth' (= a hybrid, no species epithet).
See also: http://rs.gbif.org/vocabulary/gbif/rank/cultivar
Preferred Terms: cultivar [en]; cultivar [es]; cultivar [pt];
Alternative Terms:
strain
Bacteria species may be classified by strains (for example Escherichia coli O157:H7, a strain that can cause food poisoning).
See also: http://rs.gbif.org/vocabulary/gbif/rank/strain
Preferred Terms: strain [en]; cepa [es]; cepa [pt];
Alternative Terms:
informal
See also: http://rs.gbif.org/vocabulary/gbif/rank/informal
Preferred Terms: informal [en];
Alternative Terms:
unranked
See also: http://rs.gbif.org/vocabulary/gbif/rank/unranked
Preferred Terms: unranked [en];
Alternative Terms: