IUCN Threat Status Vocabulary

The IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria were developed for assessing extinction risk at the global level, considering the global population of a taxon. The threat statuses in this vocabulary also include two additional regional statuses from IUCN used for non-endemic species at regional or national levels (RE & NA).

Link: https://www.iucnredlist.org/about/regional


Concepts

EX
A taxon is Extinct when there is no reasonable doubt that the last individual has died. A taxon is presumed Extinct when exhaustive surveys in known and/or expected habitat, at appropriate times (diurnal, seasonal, annual), throughout its historic range have failed to record an individual. Surveys should be over a time frame appropriate to the taxon's life cycle and life form.
See also: http://rs.gbif.org/vocabulary/iucn/threat_status/EX
Preferred Terms: Extinct [en];
Alternative Terms: EX [en];
EW
A taxon is Extinct in the Wild when it is known only to survive in cultivation, in captivity or as a naturalized population (or populations) well outside the past range. A taxon is presumed Extinct in the Wild when exhaustive surveys in known and/or expected habitat, at appropriate times (diurnal, seasonal, annual), throughout its historic range have failed to record an individual. Surveys should be over a time frame appropriate to the taxon's life cycle and life form.
See also: http://rs.gbif.org/vocabulary/iucn/threat_status/EW
Preferred Terms: Extinct in the Wild [en];
Alternative Terms: EW [en];
RE
Category for a taxon when there is no reasonable doubt that the last individual potentially capable of reproduction within the region has died or has disappeared from the wild in the region, or when, if it is a former visiting taxon, the last individual has died or disappeared in the wild from the region. The setting of any time limit for listing under RE is left to the discretion of the regional Red List authority, but should not normally pre-date 1500 AD.
See also: http://rs.gbif.org/vocabulary/iucn/threat_status/RE
Preferred Terms: Regionally Extinct [en];
Alternative Terms: RE [en];
CR
A taxon is Critically Endangered when the best available evidence indicates that it meets any of the criteria A to E for Critically Endangered (see Section V), and it is therefore considered to be facing an extremely high risk of extinction in the wild.
See also: http://rs.gbif.org/vocabulary/iucn/threat_status/CR
Preferred Terms: Critically Endangered [en];
Alternative Terms: CR [en];
EN
A taxon is Endangered when the best available evidence indicates that it meets any of the criteria A to E for Endangered (see Section V), and it is therefore considered to be facing a very high risk of extinction in the wild.
See also: http://rs.gbif.org/vocabulary/iucn/threat_status/EN
Preferred Terms: Endangered [en];
Alternative Terms: EN [en];
VU
A taxon is Vulnerable when the best available evidence indicates that it meets any of the criteria A to E for Vulnerable (see Section V), and it is therefore considered to be facing a high risk of extinction in the wild.
See also: http://rs.gbif.org/vocabulary/iucn/threat_status/VU
Preferred Terms: Vulnerable [en];
Alternative Terms: VU [en];
NT
A taxon is Near Threatened when it has been evaluated against the criteria but does not qualify for Critically Endangered, Endangered or Vulnerable now, but is close to qualifying for or is likely to qualify for a threatened category in the near future.
See also: http://rs.gbif.org/vocabulary/iucn/threat_status/NT
Preferred Terms: Near Threatened [en];
Alternative Terms: NT [en];
LC
A taxon is Least Concern when it has been evaluated against the criteria and does not qualify for Critically Endangered, Endangered, Vulnerable or Near Threatened. Widespread and abundant taxa are included in this category.
See also: http://rs.gbif.org/vocabulary/iucn/threat_status/LC
Preferred Terms: Least Concern [en];
Alternative Terms: LC [en];
DD
A taxon is Data Deficient when there is inadequate information to make a direct, or indirect, assessment of its risk of extinction based on its distribution and/or population status. A taxon in this category may be well studied, and its biology well known, but appropriate data on abundance and/or distribution are lacking. Data Deficient is therefore not a category of threat. Listing of taxa in this category indicates that more information is required and acknowledges the possibility that future research will show that threatened classification is appropriate. It is important to make positive use of whatever data are available. In many cases great care should be exercised in choosing between DD and a threatened status. If the range of a taxon is suspected to be relatively circumscribed, and a considerable period of time has elapsed since the last record of the taxon, threatened status may well be justified.
See also: http://rs.gbif.org/vocabulary/iucn/threat_status/DD
Preferred Terms: Data Deficient [en];
Alternative Terms: DD [en];
NA
Category for a taxon deemed to be ineligible for assessment at a regional level. A taxon may be NA because it is not a wild population or not within its natural range in the region, or because it is a vagrant to the region. It may also be NA because it occurs at very low numbers in the region (i.e. when the regional Red List authority has decided to use a filter to exclude taxa before the assessment procedure) or the taxon may be classified at a lower taxonomic level (e.g. below the level of species or subspecies) than considered eligible by the regional Red List authority. In contrast to other Red List Categories, it is not mandatory to use NA for all taxa to which it applies; but is recommended for taxa where its use is informative.
See also: http://rs.gbif.org/vocabulary/iucn/threat_status/NA
Preferred Terms: Not Applicable [en];
Alternative Terms: NA [en];
NE
A taxon is Not Evaluated when it is has not yet been evaluated against the criteria.
See also: http://rs.gbif.org/vocabulary/iucn/threat_status/NE
Preferred Terms: Not Evaluated [en];
Alternative Terms: NE [en];